1. This, is a beautifully clear and complete exposition of personal pronouns – especially including the niggly bits that end up throwing me off in speech when there is even a slight ‘haze’ of ambiguity around them in my mind. I got here because I wasn’t clear on use of genetive for personal pronouns and your precise instruction on the partative and objective use-cases cleared it all up – Thank you!

    1. Hi Anne, thank you for your kind words! I am so glad that the genitive of personal pronouns makes sense to you now. 🙂

  2. Hi Livia, I have a doubt regarding the ‘cum’ thing over there. For the third-person pronouns, are ‘eocum’, ‘eacum’ and ‘eiscum’ used?

    1. Hi Philipp, great question! No, ‘cum’ is never attached to the end of the 3rd person personal pronouns. We just see ‘cum eō’, ‘cum eā’, and ‘cum eīs.’

      ‘Cum’ is attached to the 1st and 2nd person pronouns (mēcum, nōbīscum, tēcum, and vōbīscum) and to the 3rd person reflexive pronoun (sēcum), but that’s all.

      It’s a bit weird – I have no idea why there is this difference in usage.

  3. Jon Brewer says:

    Livia (from your Personal Pronouns examples)
    pars meī = part of us << shouldn't this read "part of me"?
    or have I not understood? (I am a beginner)

    1. Hi Jon, you are absolutely right – pars meī means “part of me.” Thank you so much for pointing this out. I try to avoid typos, but they inevitably slip in. I have corrected it 🙂

      1. Jon Brewer says:

        Thanks Livia – This just shows that you are a good tutor! I wouldn’t have questioned this without reading your preceding paragraphs! I must have paid attention for once! Love your site – am learning lots.

  4. This is fabulous! Thank you! Thank you! Thank you!

    1. You are very welcome, Lea! 🙂

  5. How would we say “with her”?
    I need this for my test, so I would appreciate if you could answer me.

    1. Hi Masa, “with her” is *cum eā*. In this situation, we just use the preposition *cum* (with) plus the feminine ablative singular of *is, ea, id*. I hope this helps!

  6. Thank you!! This is so so helpful, you’re a life saver!!

    1. You are welcome, Olivia! 🙂

  7. Hello, can ex and de prepositions be followed by the Genetive case? For example: “part of them.” My native language (Croatian) shares 99% of grammar with Latin so it would make more sense to use the Genitive case here. Unless, in Latin ex or de prepositions must always be followed by the Ablative case? Thanks! 🙂

    1. Hi Victor, ex and must always be followed by the ablative case. The ablative is used in Latin to indicate the place “from which” something comes. I understand why you ask, though, because I speak Polish, which also uses the genitive case in these circumstances. It’s just a difference between Italic vs. Slavic languages! 🙂

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